China’s Mars Spacecraft Imaged the Entire Red Planet, State Media Says

China’s Mars-orbiting spacecraft has beamed back stunning images of the red planet’s most distinctive features, and they’re just a sample of its new photo library.

The Tianwen-1 orbiter spacecraft has imaged the entire planet of Mars, the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation said on Weibo on Wednesday. China released a handful of the orbiter’s images from across the Martian surface with the announcement.

craters on mars top-down view from space

Impact craters fill the Arabia Terra highlands on Mars.

CNSA/Handout via Reuters

Since falling into its orbit there in February 2021, the spacecraft has circled Mars more than 1,300 times, Chinese state media reported. The orbiter brought a rover to Mars as well, dropping it into Utopia Planitia, a vast field of ancient volcanic rock that may have extensive reserves of water frozen beneath its surface. The rover, named Zhurong for ancient Chinese mythology’s god of fire, aimed to explore the region and search for its water ice with ground-penetrating radar.

ridges of brown red sand on mars with two rover antennae in the foreground

The Zhurong rover capture this image, released by China National Space Administration (CNSA), on June 29, 2022.

CNSA/Handout via Reuters

If space agencies like NASA or China National Space Administration someday send humans to Mars, water would be a crucial resource. It can both sustain astronauts and be broken down into hydrogen and oxygen for rocket fuel. It’s unlikely Mars-bound spaceships could carry enough water, oxygen, and hydrogen for the entire journey there and back, so they would likely need to mine it on Mars.

wavy sheet of ice on mars view from space

The ice cap on the Martian South Pole, where almost all the planet’s water is stored.

CNSA/Handout via Reuters

The Zhurong rover traveled nearly 2 kilometers (1.2 miles) before going into hibernation to save its energy through Mars’s hyper-cold winter, according to state media. The rover is expected to power back up in December, when Martian spring arrives.

This was the first Mars mission to send a spacecraft into the planet’s orbit, drop a landing platform onto the Martian surface, and deploy a rover all in one expedition.

china tianwen 1 mission orbiter with lander rover capsule

The Tianwen-1 probe, carrying a lander and rover in a landing capsule, en route to Mars. Photo released on December 16, 2020.


Craters were a prominent feature in the images, of course. The below image shows the rim of the ancient Maunder crater, which is about 56 miles (90 kilometers) wide and is partially filled with dust, sand, and other Mars material.

black and white image from space shows craggy crater rim on mars with smooth sand inside

The edge of Mars’s Maunder crater.

CNSA/Handout via Reuters

One image captures a stunning view of the Valles Marineris canyon system, which is almost as long as the United States is wide. The canyons there reach up to 4 miles deep. For perspective, the Grand Canyon on Earth is just 1 mile deep.

top-down space view of canyon cutting across orange mars landscape

The 2,485-mile canyon Valles Marineris on Mars.

CNSA/Handout via Reuters

Both Tianwen-1 robots, on the Martian ground and in its orbit, have completed their scientific missions, state media reported Wednesday. The orbiter has beamed 1,040 gigabytes of raw data back to Earth, which CNSA will eventually release publicly, state media said.

For now, the mission’s findings are not clear.

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