On this date, June 27, in history:
In 1299, in his encyclical “Scimus fili,” Pope Boniface VIII claimed that Scotland owed allegiance to the Catholic Church.
In 1759, British Gen. James Wolfe landed his army near Quebec City and blocked the St. Lawrence River to French shipping. After a siege lasting 75 days, the 33-year-old Wolfe led his troops up the cliff behind Quebec City to the Plains of Abraham, where they defeated Montcalm’s garrison and captured the city. Both commanders died in battle.
In 1844, Joseph Smith, founder of the Mormons, and his brother Hyrum were lynched by a mob in Carthage, Ill., resulting in part from the community’s moral outrage at Smith’s authorization of polygamous Mormon marriages.
In 1847, the New York-Boston telegraph was completed.
In 1860, the inaugural Queen’s Plate was run near Toronto and was won by “Don Juan.” The Queen’s Plate is the oldest uninterrupted stakes race in North America.
In 1880, author and lecturer Helen Keller — who was blind, deaf and mute from the age of two — was born in Alabama.
In 1896, Canada’s first public film screening took place at the Paris Theatre in Montreal.
In 1957, more than 500 people were killed when Hurricane Audrey slammed through coastal Louisiana and Texas.
In 1967, the first ATM — automatic teller machine — was installed at a branch of Barclays PLC in a north London suburb.
In 1972, one of the most sensational player signings in hockey history took place. Superstar left winger Bobby Hull left the NHL’s Chicago Blackhawks to join the Winnipeg Jets of the fledgling World Hockey Association.
In 1978, responding to reports of a forest fire, volunteer firefighters from Lac-des-Loups, Que., raced towards a plume of smoke on the horizon. When the smoke kept moving away from them, they realized they were chasing a tornado.
In 1984, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau was named the 1984 winner of the Albert Einstein peace prize for his global campaign to ease East-West tensions.
In 1986, Jean Drapeau announced he would not seek a ninth term as Montreal’s mayor. He had held office for nearly 30 years, bringing the city its subway system, Expo ’67, major league baseball and the 1976 Olympics.
In 1986, Irish voters overwhelmingly rejected a proposal to lift a ban on divorce.
In 1989, baseball history was made as the Toronto Blue Jays played the Baltimore Orioles. Toronto’s Cito Gaston and Baltimore’s Frank Robinson were the first black managers to oppose each other in a regular-season game.
In 1990, Queen Elizabeth began a five-day Canadian tour in Calgary.
In 1991, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled unions can collect dues from non-union members in a bargaining unit and use the money for activities unrelated to collective bargaining.
In 1992, the Toronto Star was unable to publish for the first time in 99 years. The paper was in the middle of a strike and only 56 pages of feature sections printed earlier in the week were distributed — for free.
In 1995, the RCMP granted the Walt Disney Company an exclusive licence to market the Mounties’ likeness and image in return for royalties.
In 1999, Juli Inkster shot a 6-under 65 to win the LPGA Championship, becoming the second woman to win the modern career Grand Slam (the first was Pat Bradley).
In 2001, Oscar-winning actor Jack Lemmon died in Los Angeles of complications from cancer. He was 76.
In 2003, Canada’s largest shipyard, Saint John Shipbuilding Ltd. owned by the Irving family, was formally closed after remaining shut for three years due to competition from subsidized shipbuilders around the world and lack of orders at home. The move forced 600 employees out of work.
In 2007, former Montreal ad man Jean Lafleur was sentenced to 42 months in jail for his role in the federal sponsorship scandal and ordered to repay the $1.5 million he defrauded.
In 2007, after a decade in power, British Prime Minister Tony Blair officially tendered his resignation to the Queen. Blair saw his popularity fall because of his continuing support for the war in Iraq. Former Treasury Chief Gordon Brown took over as Britain’s prime minister.
In 2008, Federal Court quashed the Gomery inquiry conclusions that former prime minister Jean Chretien and his top aide bore responsibility for the sponsorship scandal.
In 2010, G20 leaders capped a tumultuous summit weekend in Toronto with a landmark deal for advanced economies to cut their deficits in half by 2013 and stabilize their debt loads by 2016 in order to stabilize the fragile world economy.
In 2011, in a retrial, former Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich was convicted of 17 of the 20 charges against him, many related to his attempt to sell or trade U.S. President Barack Obama’s vacated Senate seat. (In December, he was sentenced to 14 years in prison.)
In 2013, Brampton, Ont.-native Anthony Bennett became the first Canadian to be selected first overall in the NBA draft (by Cleveland).
In 2014, the Vatican’s former ambassador to the Dominican Republic, Archbishop Jozef Wesolowski, was convicted by a church tribunal of sex abuse and was defrocked, the first such sentence handed down against a top papal representative.
In 2020, prosecutors argued that fully revealing the information used to obtain search warrants following Nova Scotia’s mass shooting on April 18-19 could compromise the police investigation. A media consortium sought to have a provincial court judge release blacked-out sections of the court documents submitted by the RCMP, as well as the results of the searches. Some family members of the 22 victims said they hadn’t been told enough about what occurred during the rampage.
In 2020, a plan to store hazardous nuclear waste deep underground near the Lake Huron shoreline was formally put to rest. The plan had been in the works for more than 15 years. But in a recent letter to the federal environment minister, Ontario’s publicly owned power generator said it no longer wished to proceed.
In 2020, Charles Webb, a lifelong non-conformist whose debut novel “The Graduate” was a deadpan satire of his college education, died at the age of 81. In 1967 The Graduate was made into a movie with Dustin Hoffman that outstripped the popularity of Webb’s novel. Webb was only 24 when his most famous book was published, in 1963.
In 2021, Infrastructure Minister Catherine McKenna decided to leave politics. McKenna had held Ottawa Centre since 2015, when she wrestled it away from the New Democrats.